Document


Címe:Generalist hymenopteran parasitoids of the leaf-miner Chromatomyia fuscula (Zett.) (Dipt.: Agromyzidae)
Szerző(k):Béla Darvas, Arild Andersen and Csaba Thuróczy

 


Journal of Natural History (1999) 33: 1089-1105.

Béla Darvas, Arild Andersen and Csaba Thuróczy

Generalist hymenopteran parasitoids of the leaf-miner Chromatomyia fuscula (Zett.) (Dipt.: Agromyzidae)




In southeastern Norway, by the last week of June (1992), 48% of Chromatomyia fuscula emerged, based on the number of mines collected from Hordeum vulgare leaves. Among the parasitoids Diglyphus begini was the dominant species, but Cirrospilus vittatus and Neochrysocharis aratus also emerged in significant numbers. During June and July, N. aratus was the dominant species in the 1st and 2nd leaves, but D. begini was dominant in the 4th to 6th leaves. C. vittatus and Crytogaster vulgaris affected all larvae of the leaf-miner fly, living on various leaves. In central Norway, 48% of C. fuscula also emerged. C. vulgaris and D. begini were the dominant parasitoids and C. vittatus was also found. C. fuscula has no specialist parasitoids. Adults of the generalist parasitoids of the leaf-miners always search for different hosts. In investigation of the parasitoid complex of a lepidopteran leaf-miner, Phyllocnistis labyrinthella (living in Populus tremula leaves at the edge of the examined barley field), three shared parasitoids (C. vittatus, Pnigalio soemius and Pnigalio pectinicornis) were found. The complex network of host plant – phytophagous insect – insect parasitoid – facultative hyperparasitoid relationship is discussed.